Gilles Dussault is Professor at the Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (IHMT), Lisbon, Portugal and Coordinator of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Health Workforce Policy and Planning. Before joining IHMT in August 2006, he worked as Senior Health Specialist at the WorldBank Institute (Washington D.C.). He was responsible for the“Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing” Program in French, Portuguese and Spanish-speaking countries. Between 1985 and 2000, he was Professor and Director (1990-91, 1998-2000) of the Department of Health Administration, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Montreal, Canada. Between 1974 and 1985, he was Professor in the Department of Industrial Relations at University Laval, in Québec. His main research interest is the formulation and implementation of health workforce. Since 1986, he has been much involved in international cooperation projects in Africa, Europe, Latin America and Asia. He has been and is currently member of working and advisory groups ofinternational professional and multilateral organizations..